International Constitution

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1......... Character of the Order
2......... Religion

3......... Aims of the Order
4......... Cross of the Order
5......... Coat of arms of the Order
6......... Invocation
7......... Seats of the Order
8......... Governance of the Order
9......... The principle Grand Officers
10........ Spiritual protector of the Order
11........ Administration of the Order
12........ National jurisdictions of the order
13........ Amendment of the constitution

ARTICLE 1

1.1 Character of the Order

The Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem is an international ecumenical Order of Christian chivalry. It is both a Military Order of mercy and a Hospitaller Order dedicated to the care and assistance of the sick and the poor, and to the support and defense of the Christian faith and the traditions and principles of Christian chivalry.

...::TOP::...

ARTICLE 2

2.1 Religion

All members of the Order shall be practicing members of a recognised Christian faith and committed to the upholding with their lives, fortunes and honour, the principles of Christianity. Persons not members of the Christian faith may be associated with the Order as companions.

...::TOP::...

ARTICLE 3

3.1 Aims of the Order

The aims of the Order are: To sustain and defend the Christian faith; To maintain its historical support of Christians in the Holy Land; To assist, succour and help the poor, the sick and the afflicted, especially those suffering from leprosy or similar diseases; To promote and maintain the principles of Christian chivalry; To work for Christian unity; To follow the teachings of Christ; By its activities in charitable, philanthropic, health and education fields, the Order seeks to support the achievement of the aims and principles of the United Nations Charter and the statutes of the European Union.

...::TOP::...

ARTICLE 4

4.1 Cross of the Order

The Cross of the Order is by tradition a Cross vert of eight points, commonly called a Maltese Cross, green in colour.

...::TOP::...

ARTICLE 5

5.1 Coat of Arms of he Order

The Arms of the Order are: Argent a Cross vert, the whole surmounting a Cross of eight points, encircled by the Grand Collar, the whole on a mantle sable, with tassels and ornaments Or, on the sinister side bearing the Cross Vert of eight points, over all the Eastern Crown of the Order lined sable on which is borne a Cross and Orb Or; beneath the Arms is the Order’s motto: “Atavis et Armis”.

 

5.2 Seal of the Order

The Seal of the Order is composed of the coat of arms of the Order and the inscription “S. Ordinis Sancti Lazari in Jerusalem”.

 

5.3 Motto of the Order

The Motto of the Order is in Latin “Atavis et Armis”.

...::TOP::...

ARTICLE 6

6.1 Invocation

Every official act of the Order shall be preceded by the traditional invocation: “In the name of God, of the Virgin Mary, and of Saint Lazarus,” or by the invocation: “In the Name of God, the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit,” or by an invocation which is substantially similar.

...::TOP::...

ARTICLE 7

7.1 Seats of the Order

The seats of the Order are as follows: The Titular seat of the Order, which has been successively at Jerusalem, St. Jean d’Acre and the Château de Boigny in France, the ruins of which, and the present castle, remain as the Titular Seat. The Magistral seat of the Order shall be at the place so designated by the Grand Master. The administrative seat of the Order shall be the designated location of the Grand Chancery of the Order.

...::TOP::...

ARTICLE 8

8.1 Governance of the Order

The Government of the Order shall consist of: The Grand Master The Chapter General The Grand Magistral Council The Grand Executive Committee The Grand Council, and The Heads of National Jurisdictions

 

8.2 The Grand Master

The Grand Master is the supreme head of the Order, and to him is delegated all power and authority of the Chapter General, unless otherwise provided herein. He is elected by the Chapter General, and must be an active member of the Order and a member of a reigning family, a former reigning family, or an individual bearing an hereditary title of major nobility. . He shall be appointed to the dignity of Grand Master for life; however, by taking the oath of office as hereinafter provided, he has agreed that the initial period of time to be served in office as the supreme head of the Order shall be until he retires, abdicates, attains the age of seventy-five (75) years or becomes incapacitated, whichever comes first. Upon attaining the age of seventy-five (75) years, he may be reappointed for an additional period of not more than five years by the Grand Magistral Council. In the case of an incapacitation causing his inability to serve, the Grand Magistral Council may call a meeting of the Chapter General which may decide to elect a successor. When and after the Grand Master ceases to act as supreme head of the Order, he may be given the dignity of Grand Master Emeritus. Before being installed as head of the Order, the Grand Master must take the following oath in the presence of the Spiritual Protector at a meeting of either the Chapter General or the Grand Magistral Council: “I do solemnly promise before Almighty God to honour, uphold and observe at all times His Holy Commandments, and to ensure that they may be upheld, venerated, and observed as far as that may lie within my power; to administer and govern the Military and Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem loyally and faithfully, as becomes the duty and dignity of the Grand Master; and to uphold the Statutes, Regulations, Decrees and Customs of the Order, and to ensure that the same are upheld and observed by all members of the Order; So Help Me God.”

8.2.1 The Coadjutor

The Coadjutor is the first dignity of the Order after the Grand Master and the Grand Master Emeritus, if any. The Coadjutor shall be a member of the Order prior to his appointment and he should be a member of a reigning family, a former reigning family, or an individual bearing an hereditary title of major nobility. He shall be appointed by the Grand Master, with the advice and consent of the Grand Magistral Council, to serve so long as the Grand Master remains in office. The Coadjutor will take the Grand Master’s place when the Grand Master is ill, incapacitated or otherwise temporarily unable to fulfil the duties of his office. In the event of the prolonged or permanent incapacity of the Grand Master as determined by the Grand Magistral Council, or his death or abdication, the Coadjutor shall become Interim Grand Master until the Chapter General elects a successor Grand Master. With the consent of the Grand Magistral Council, he shall be a candidate for such office.

8.2.2 Vacantcy of the offices of the Grand Master and the Coadjutor

In the event that the Grand Master is unable to exercise his office, then the Order shall be governed by the Coadjutor until the Grand Master is able to resume his duties or a new Grand Master is elected. Should the office of Coadjutor also be vacant, then in such circumstance, and only then, the Order shall be governed by the Grand Executive Committee until a Grand Master is elected.

8.2.3 Grand Master Emeritus

A Grand Master who is given the dignity of Grand Master Emeritus shall hold such dignity for life. The Grand Master Emeritus shall have ceremonial precedence in the Order second only to the Grand Master.

8.2.4 Appointments by the Grand Master

The Grand Master shall appoint all Grand Officers and all other members of the Grand Magistry, subject only to the conditions provided in Article 9 herein. He shall also approve the appointment of all Grand Priors, Grand Bailiffs, Priors, Bailiffs and other heads of jurisdictions. He is the sole authority for awarding the ranks of Knight Grand Cross, Dame Grand Cross, and Ecclesiastical Grand Cross of the Order, and, similarly, the same ranks in the Companionate of Merit of the Order.

8.2.5 Delegation of authority

To facilitate the conduct of the affairs and work of the Order, the Grand Master may, with the advice and consent of the Grand Executive Committee, and subject to such limitations as he may impose, delegate, in such manner as he deems fit, and in accordance with the Constitution and By-laws, any of his powers or authority for the day-to-day operation of the Order to any officer of the Order as he may specify.

8.2.6 Objection to admission

No person shall be admitted into the Order as a member or be associated with the Order as a companion over the objection of the Grand Master. 8.2.7 EXPULSION AND REMOVAL Members may be expelled from the Order by the Grand Executive Committee if they transgress the aims, objectives or standards of behaviour or integrity of the Order, or otherwise fail to fulfil the obligations and responsibilities of membership in and loyalty to the Order. Any member holding an office or dignity in the Order may be removed from such office or dignity by the Grand Executive Committee if it determines, in its sole discretion, that such action is in the best interest of the Order.

8.2.8 Terms of appointment

All members of the Order appointed to any office or dignity within the Order shall serve at the pleasure of the Grand Master in such office or dignity for a prescribed period or periods of time; provided, however, that unless otherwise specified herein, no term of appointment shall exceed ten years. The Grand Master may, with the advice and consent of the Grand Executive Committee, extend any such term of office or dignity for a period or periods not to exceed a total of five additional years.

8.3 The Chapter General

The supreme governing body and repository of all power in the Order is the Chapter General, when convened. When the Chapter General is not convened, this power is delegated to and vested in the Grand Master unless otherwise provided herein. The Chapter General is composed of all members of the Order in good standing of the rank of Knight or Dame, such good standing being confirmed in writing by the head of the national jurisdiction to which each belongs. Each such Knight or Dame in good standing shall be entitled to vote at the Chapter General, either in person or by written proxy given to the head of the national jurisdiction to which such Knight or Dame belongs. Every act of the Chapter General shall be conclusively valid when the same shall have been approved by the affirmative vote of not less than two-thirds of those qualified to vote and present in person or by proxy. The Grand Referendary shall convene the Chapter General on instruction of the Grand Master, or on the death of the Grand Master, or on the order of the Grand Magistral Council. Whenever the Chapter General is to be convened, at least one hundred and twenty (120) days’ prior notice of the meeting and its agenda shall be given to the heads of all national jurisdictions.

8.4 The Grand Magistral council

The Grand Magistral Council is the principal policy making body of the Order, and it shall approve all candidates for the position of Grand Master and, or, Coadjutor. It is composed of all Grand Officers of the Order. It shall meet no less than once every two years, as summoned by the Grand Referendary on instruction of the Grand Master or Grand Executive Committee. At least ninety days (90) prior notice of the meeting and its agenda shall be given to its members. The Grand Master, or a member of the Grand Magistral Council appointed by him, shall chair the meetings of the Grand Magistral Council.

8.5 The Grand executive committee

The Grand Executive Committee is the principal governing body of the Order, with responsibility to oversee and co-ordinate the execution of the policies adopted by the Grand Magistral Council, as well as such other responsibilities as may be delegated or assigned to it by the Grand Master or the Grand Magistral Council. The Grand Executive Committee shall consist of the Principal Officers, no less than two heads of national jurisdictions, and such other Officers as may be appointed by the Grand Magistral Council. The Grand Master is an ex-officio member. The Grand Executive Committee shall meet at the summons of the Grand Master, the Grand Commander of the Order or the Grand Prior of the Order.

8.6 The Grand council

The Grand Council is responsible for the scrutiny and arbitration of issues of policy differences or interpretation of provisions of the Constitution, by-laws, regulations of the Order, and Grand Magistral Decrees. The Grand Council is composed of five members: two members of the Grand Executive Committee, two heads of national jurisdictions, and chaired by the Grand Commander of the Order, the Grand Prior of the Order, or another member of the Grand Executive Committee. All members shall be appointed by the Grand Master. The Grand Council shall meet at the summons of the Grand Executive Committee.

8.7 Heads of national jurisdictions

A Heads of Jurisdiction Meeting shall be held not less than once every two years and shall consist of all heads of national jurisdictions, or their designated representatives, and members of the Grand Magistral Council. The meeting shall be held at the call of the Grand Master. At least ninety (90) days prior notice of the meeting and its agenda shall be given to all heads of national jurisdictions and to the members of the Grand Magistral Council. The Grand Master, or a member of the Grand Magistral Council appointed by him, shall chair the meetings of the Heads of National Jurisdictions.

8.8 Proxy voting

Voting by proxy shall not be permitted at any meeting other than a Chapter General as provided in Article 8, Section 8.3, of the Constitution.

8.9 Voting

Voting in the Order shall be conducted as follows: The Chapter General: Voting at a Chapter General shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of Article 8, Section 8.3, of the Constitution. The Grand Magistral Council: Each member of the Grand Magistral Council shall have one vote on each issue presented. The Grand Executive Committee: Each member of the Grand Executive Committee shall have one vote on each issue presented. The Grand Council: Each member of the Grand Council shall have one vote on each issue presented. Heads of Jurisdiction Meeting: Each head of a national jurisdiction or, in his absence, his authorised representative, shall have one vote on each issue presented.

...::TOP::...

ARTICLE 9

9.1 The principle Grand Officers

The Grand Master shall appoint the Principal Grand Officers of the Order and determine their functions, authority and responsibilities. The Principal Grand Officers of the Order are the Grand Commander of the Order, the Grand Prior of the Order, the Ecclesiastical Grand Prior of the Order, the Grand Chancellor, the Grand Referendary, the Grand Hospitaller, the Grand Justiciar, the Vice-Grand Chancellor (Administration), and the Vice-Grand Chancellor (Finance). The Grand Master, with the advice and consent of the Grand Executive Committee, may appoint additional Grand Officers with such authority and responsibilities as deemed necessary or appropriate.

9.1.1 Grand Commander of theOrder

The Grand Commander of the Order, at the delegation of the Grand Master, shall act as the Chief Executive Officer of the Order, and is responsible for the implementation of policy in the Operations Division, and the Administration and Finance Division of the Order, in close collaboration with the Grand Prior of the Order.

9.1.2 GRAND PRIOR OF THE ORDER

The Grand Prior of the Order shall act as the Chief Operating Officer of the Order, and is responsible for the performance of the Operations Division, and the Administration and Finance Division of the Order in close collaboration with the Grand Commander of the Order.

9.1.3 Ecclesiastical Grand Prior of the Order

The Ecclesiastical Grand Prior of the Order, with the support of a spiritual advisory council, will provide counsel and support to the national jurisdictions, and advise the Grand Master and the Grand Magistral Council on all matters of ecclesiology and spirituality of the Order. The Grand Master shall appoint the Ecclesiastical Grand Prior of the Order after consultation with the Spiritual Protector.

9.1.4 Grand Chancellor

The Grand Chancellor shall supervise the Finance and Administration Division of the Order and perform such other duties as may be assigned to him.

9.1.5 Grand Referendary

The Grand Referendary shall oversee the preparation for and the observance of correct procedural protocols and conduct of all formal meetings of the Order. When duly called upon, he is responsible for issuing timely summons’ to Chapters General and meetings of the Grand Magistral Council, as well as for the review and acceptance of voting lists and proxies from national jurisdictions.

9.1.6 Grand Hospitaller

The Grand Hospitaller shall be the senior medical officer of the Order and shall be responsible for advising the Grand Master, the Grand Magistral Council and the national jurisdictions of, and consulting with them on, the hospitaller activities of the Order.

9.1.7 Grand Justiciar

The Grand Justiciar, who shall be a lawyer, shall be the senior legal officer of the Order. He shall be responsible for the legal affairs of the Order and shall advise the Grand Master, the Grand Magistral Council, the Grand Executive Committee and the national jurisdictions concerning legal matters which affect the Order.

9.1.8 Vice-Grand Chancellor (ADMINISTRATION)

The Vice-Grand Chancellor (Administration) shall act as the chief administrative officer of the Order and shall be responsible for all administrative matters.

9.1.9 Vice-Grand Chancellor (FINANCE)

The Vice-Grand Chancellor (Finance) shall act as the chief financial officer of the Order and shall be responsible for all financial matters of the Order.

...::TOP::...

ARTICLE 10

10.1 Spiritual protector of the Order

By ancient tradition, the Spiritual Protector of the Order is His Beatitude the Melchite-Greek Catholic Patriarch of Antioch and all the East, of Alexandria and of Jerusalem. He is the guardian of our spiritual integrity. The Spiritual Protector shall provide spiritual support and guidance to the Order, with the assistance of, and in collaboration with the Ecclesiastical Grand Prior. In the event of the inability or absence of the Spiritual Protector, the Ecclesiastical Grand Prior shall assume his responsibilities.

...::TOP::...

ARTICLE 11

11.1 Administration of the Order

The Grand Master, the Grand Magistral Council and the Grand Executive Committee of the Order may promulgate By-laws and Regulations not inconsistent with any provisions of this Constitution as may be necessary or desirable for the governance of the Order.

11.2 By-laws of the Order

The Grand Magistral Council of the Order may promulgate such By-laws, and amendments thereto, not inconsistent with this Constitution as may be necessary or desirable for the governance of the Order. Approval of such By-laws and amendments shall require the affirmative vote of not less than two-thirds of the members of the Grand Magistral Council present. The Grand Executive Committee, with the approval of the Grand Master, may be summoned to add, delete or amend the By-laws of the Order. These amendments shall have immediate effect and be promulgated to the membership. However, they shall be subject to ratification at the next meeting of the Grand Magistral Council and will fall if not ratified. The Vice-Grand Chancellor (Administration) shall maintain copies of all By-laws, and the amendments thereto, showing the date of their promulgation.

11.3 Regulations of the Order

The Grand Executive Committee of the Order may promulgate such Regulations, and amendments thereto, not inconsistent with any provisions of this Constitution or the By-laws of the Order as may be necessary or desirable for the governance of the Order. Approval of such Regulations and amendments shall require the affirmative vote of not less than two-thirds of the members of the Grand Executive Committee present. The Vice-Grand Chancellor (Administration) shall maintain copies of all Regulations, and the amendments thereto, showing the date of their promulgation.

11.4 Grand Magistral decrees

The Grand Master shall issue Grand Magistral Decrees for the appointment of all Grand Officers, heads of jurisdictions, and for such other acts as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the Grand Master. No Grand Magistral Decree shall be inconsistent with, or supersede, the Constitution, or any By-law, or Regulation of the Order.

...::TOP::...

ARTICLE 12

12.1 National jurisdictions of the Order

National jurisdictions of the Order shall be established by the Grand Master with the advice and consent of the Grand Executive Committee. A national jurisdiction shall be not less than thirty (30) members.

12.2 Constitution, By-laws and regulations of National jurisdictions

Each national jurisdiction of the Order may adopt a Constitution and such By-laws and Regulations as may be advisable or necessary for the functioning and governance of the particular Jurisdiction. Any Constitution adopted pursuant to this provision shall not be inconsistent with, or supersede, the Constitution of the Order, or any By-law, or Regulation of the Order, or any Grand Magistral Decree.

...::TOP::...

ARTICLE 13

13.1 Amendment of the Constitution

This Constitution of the Order may be amended or otherwise modified by the affirmative vote of not less than two-thirds of the members of the Chapter General qualified to vote and present in person or by proxy pursuant to due notification of such proposed amendment or modification as prescribed by Article 8, Section 8.3.

Language

This Constitution shall be promulgated in the English, French, German, and Spanish languages, being the official languages of the Order. In the event that interpretation of this Constitution is required, the governing language shall be English.

13.2 Number and gender

Whenever the singular is used in this Constitution, when required by the context, the singular shall include the plural and vice versa. The masculine, feminine and neuter genders shall each include the others.

...::TOP::...


news
     
History Of Order
Australia
ACT
NSW
Queensland
South Australia
Tasmania
Victoria
WA
International
Australia
Commandery
International
Australia
Orders & Awards
Requirements
Ranks
Companionate
Friends
Ribbons/Awards
Members Manual